Jugendstil, Art Nouveau en  Modernismo
are just  three of the many names of the art form that manifested itself
at the end of the 19 th and the beginning of the 20 th century.
It had its origin in England as a reaction to the Industrial Revolution and its mass production of artistic objects  and articles of use.
This was the beginning of the Arts and Crafts movement that
produced these articles in an artisan way, with  motifs derived from natural forms.
Besides that, these artists were bored of the repeating of former styles
in a neo-form and the compilation of it in, the so called,

A connection in design of useful things
architecture, interior decoration, typography, fashion, jewelry etc.was  sought for.
In hardly fifteen years this grew out  to an art form movement that reached  deep into  Scandinava, parts of Russia and the Mediterranean area.

Obviously the spirit of the age, was ready for it.....