Heinrich Vogeler (1872 Bremen- 1942 Kazachstan) was German Jugendstil artist.
He was a painter, architect, graphic designer and besides that; a writer, pedagogue and most and above all, a socialist.
He participated in the Artists colony of Worpswede.
His own designed house in German Jugendstil-exists still as a museum devoted to his work and life story.
His early work - in the Jugendstil period- was fairy-like and romantic, much influenced by the pre-rafaellitics.
It didn't bring him much acknowledgement. But things changed when he was asked to design the Guildhall fort he town of Bremen.
He volunteered for the first World War, but returned as a traumatized person.
The character of his artistic works changed dramatically after that.
He wrote the German Emperor some letters in which he plead in favour of pacifism.
For that reason he was kept for some time in a psychiatric hospital.
More and more he became a socialist with a lot of sympathy fort the Russian Revolution.
He tried to support it, in every possible way, but this caused a divorce from his wife.
At last he went to Russia to give form to his socialist ideals.
From this period are his propaganda paintings.
By the time he was an old man, Germany attacked Russia in World War two.
For his own safety Vogeler was deported out of the reach of German soldiers to Kazakhstan.
But he also didn't receive any longer his retirement pension.
In the Kolchos Budjonny near Komejewka, he had to do hard labor for his food.
At his age, it caused his death by exhaustion and malnutrition.